What are the signs ovulation is over? How do you know you have finished ovulating? Ovulation occurs when a mature egg is released from the ovary, pushed down the fallopian tube and made available for fertilization.
Unless you have fertility issues (anovulation, amenorrhea, etc.), ultrasound should not be your way of determining an ended ovulation.
- Some indicators will tell you with a high level of likelihood that ovulation occurred already. Also, other signs signify the onset of ovulation each month.
- Knowledge of post ovulation symptoms will ultimately help you plan for your pregnancies accordingly.
Below are symptoms and signs your ovulation has ended (post ovulation symptoms). But first, it is important to know when to look out for them. So, when should you expect to be fertile?
When does ovulation occur?
- When does ovulation occur?
- How to track ovulation
- How long does ovulation last?
- Signs and Symptoms ovulation is over
- What happens immediately after ovulation?
- What happens after ovulation if no pregnancy occurs?
- SOURCES AND REFERENCES
Several factors such as stress, illness might affect ovulation. It is therefore difficult to predict when it will occur.
However, for most women, ovulation occurs 12-16 days before the next period. A woman’s average menstrual cycle is 28-32 days. Even though ovulation occurs at the midpoint, the timing of ovulation can vary from one cycle to the other.
How to track ovulation
The menstrual cycle is measured from the first day of your menstrual period until the first day of your period.
The easiest way to calculate your ovulation is by counting 12-16 days from your next period or simply by starting with the first day of your menstrual cycle. Most women ovulate between days 11-21 of their cycle, counting from the first day of their period.
- It is important to chart each month to help you track your ovulation accurately, as ovulation differs from month to month.
Fertility awareness is another way of tracking your ovulation. It involves studying the changes in your cervical mucus and using a basal thermometer.
Your cervical mucus will become slippery before ovulation and until ovulation has ended. A basal thermometer helps you track your temperatures, before ovulation your temperatures are likely to fall and remain high during and past ovulation.
How long does ovulation last?
How long do you ovulate? Once an egg has been released down the fallopian tube, it only lives for 12-24 hours. A life span of sperm is usually 3-5 days while in the woman’s body. While ovulation can last for a day at most. A woman’s fertile days can last 5-7 days.
Ovulation occurs in two phases. The follicular phase begins the first day after of your last period. This phase continues until ovulation takes place.
The follicular phase length can last from 7-40 days. The second phase of ovulation is called the luteal phase. The luteal phase begins the day after ovulation until the day before menstruation. This period lasts 12-16 days.
- The day of ovulation highly determines how long your cycle is, also outside factors such as stress and illness can disrupt your hormones and change your cycle.
Signs and Symptoms ovulation is over
What post ovulation symptoms should you look out for? There are quite some symptoms that signal that ovulation is occurring. But, how do you know ovulation has already occurred and has ended?
Symptoms of an ended ovulation are as a result of progesterone. Progesterone which usually peaks immediately after ovulation causes noticeable post ovulation symptoms.
Symptoms that ovulation is already over will help you time your menstruation cycle and help you avoid or increase chances of pregnancy.
Here are signs to confirm to you that ovulation has just ended to help you anticipate for fertility:
1. Hot flashes/night sweats
Night sweats and hot flashes are as a result of increased progesterone levels. Most women experience this symptom during or immediately after ovulation has ended. In most cases, women do not regard hot flashes and night sweats as post ovulation symptoms.
Women who experience this symptom should understand that ovulation occurred already and the fertile period of the menstrual cycle has ended.
2. Rise in body temperature
The most reliable method to chart ovulation is by use of basal body temperature calendar. All you need to do is take your daily temperature and keep a record of temperature changes each month.
Just before ovulation starts, the body temperature drops slightly and quickly rises after ovulation has ended. The temperature falls back to normal after few days. A sharp rise in basal body temperature is one of the most accurate signs ovulation is over.
Mid-cycle spotting occurs when the ovum bursts from the ovarian follicle. Not all women notice mid cycle bleeding because sometimes the blood is so small, it may not even be visible.
Spotting is one of the most common symptoms ovulation is over since it only occurs as a result of ovum release from the ovary.
Mittelschmerz is a German word meaning middle pain, usually abdominal pain occurring during and after ovulation. This kind of pain is usually severe on one side of the abdomen than the other.
Not all women experience this symptom, but for those who do, it is a regular sign ovulation is over.
5. Breast sensitivity
Breast sensitivity is one of the most reliable signs ovulation is finished. Estrogen together with progesterone causes breast sensitivity.
Ovulation occurs for reproduction purposes, even if you have no intentions of getting pregnant. Your body continuously prepares itself in case it does happen. Progesterone levels rise as a result causing water retention (a feeling of being bloated).
- Water retained inside the breast will make the tissues stretch and swell causing pain. The amount of progesterone after ovulation will determine the level of sensitivity you experience.
6. Increased libido (high sex drive)
Increased libido post ovulation is completely normal. The sudden spike of hormones, as the body prepares for conception, brings about increased blood flow to the genitals and sensitivity to the breasts and genital area. Your sex drive goes back to normal as soon as your period begins.
Your body is likely to retain water due to the sudden rise of hormones after ovulation. You might realize that particularly your feet and fingers look swollen.
You should indulge in fiber diet and reduce your salt intake to eliminate body puffiness.
What happens immediately after ovulation?
After eight days or so post ovulation, the egg-releasing follicle called the corpus luteum grows larger and starts to produce hormone progesterone. Progesterone causes thickening of the uterine wall (endometrium).
The uterus then becomes thick and gets covered with mucous that is produced by the glands within the endometrium.
What happens after ovulation if no pregnancy occurs?
After ovulation, if pregnancy does not take place within 48 hours, the egg moves along the fallopian tube, breaks and is absorbed back into the body. The corpus luteum continues to produce progesterone for about 12 to 14 days.
If implantation fails to occur, the corpus dies, and progesterone levels drop quickly. Following low levels of progesterone, the endometrium shuts its blood supply causing lack of oxygen to the cavity. The endometrium then dies off, disintegrates and flows as a period. Another cycle begins.
SOURCES AND REFERENCES
- Getting pregnant (June 2016): http://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/getting-pregnant/expert-answers/ovulation-signs/faq-20058000
- Mittelschmerz (May 2016): https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/articles/mittelschmerz-painful-ovulation
- Menstrual cycle (April 2013): http://www.nhs.uk/Livewell/menstrualcycle/Pages/WhencanIgetpregnant.aspx
- Ovulation and fertility-Facts to help you get pregnant: http://www.webmd.com/baby/ss/slideshow-understanding-fertility-ovulation